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VPS Geoblock

I've been dealing with constant attacks on a mail server on a VPS coming from 2 specific countries, the only solution that worked was completely blocking these countries.

There are 2 popular geoblock providers, Maxmind and DP-IP, we can utilize them using a python library called geoipsets.

Installation

Install the following packages:

sudo apt install python3 python3.12 python3-pip python3-venv ipset

Create a python virtual environment:

python3 -m venv .venv

Verify that it works:

source .venv/bin/activate

Geoblock Config

Create a geoblock config according to the geoipsets documentation.

For example /home/user/geoipsets.conf:

[general]
provider=dbip
firewall=iptables
address-family=ipv4,ipv6

[countries]
RU
CN

Verify that it works:

source .venv/bin/activate
geoipsets -o /home/user -c /home/user/geoipsets.conf

Geoblock Script

Create a script to refresh the geoblock ipsets and recreate the iptables rules.

For example /home/user/geoblock.sh:

#!/bin/bash

output_path="/home/user"
venv_path="/home/user/.venv/bin/activate"
config_path="/home/user/geoipsets.conf"
log="/home/user/geoblock.log"

echo "Updating Blocklist $(date)" >> $log
source $venv_path
geoipsets -o $output_path -c $config_path >> $log

for i in $(find "${output_path}/geoipsets" -name "*.ipv*");
do
    name=$(basename $i)
    echo $name >> $log
    /usr/sbin/ipset flush $name >> $log
    /usr/sbin/ipset restore --exist --file $i >> $log
    command=$(if [[ $name == *ipv4 ]]; then echo "/usr/sbin/iptables"; else echo "/usr/sbin/ip6tables"; fi)
    $command -D FORWARD -m set --match-set $name src -j DROP &>/dev/null
    $command -D INPUT -m set --match-set $name src -j DROP &>/dev/null
    $command -D DOCKER-USER -m set --match-set $name src -j DROP &>/dev/null
    $command -I DOCKER-USER 1 -m set --match-set $name src -j DROP >> $log
    $command -I INPUT 1 -m set --match-set $name src -j DROP >> $log
    $command -I FORWARD 1 -m set --match-set $name src -j DROP >> $log
done

Verify that it works and the ipsets have been filled:

sudo /home/user/geoblock.sh
sudo ipset list RU.ipv4

Cron Scheduling

Warning - make sure you're not accidentally blocking your own access to the VPS before proceeding.

Run the geoblock script on reboot and weekly.

For example, add the following to sudo crontab -e:

20 0 * * 2 /home/user/geoblock.sh
@reboot sleep 20 && /home/user/geoblock.sh

Verify that it runs on reboot and weekly.


Last update: 2024-04-21
Created: 2024-02-18